I do not consider my work for finished, and surely not without mistakes. Nevertheless I want to declare my conviction that the space flow theory might be helpful on the way of physics to the theory of everything. It is however run for a long route to break through scientific authorities and to prove the perspective of the theory from the outside. Besides, I am getting into the age when the interior of the space-time quantum becomes more inviting than its exterior. Therefore, I would like to mention yet several interesting things, that follow or, that might follow from the space flow theory.

The background of space flow theory

The space flow theory is working on the presumption of Universe filled out by its primary matter, oscillating. and so creating space-time structure, consisting of huge number of space-time cells (or. wave packets). This space-time structure and succeeding development of the mass particles are the basic entities whose existence had to precede the following evolution of Universe. The determinant component of these initial entities is of course the primary matter. of which properties and behaviour we can only speculate. It is evident however, that it deals with the entity, that is filling the interior of the space-time quantum. We have already grasped from quantum physics that the interior of the quantum behaves unlocally, what means, that also the prime matter behaves unlocally, hence it is not structured. Thus we can see that the fundamental substance of the Universe must be quantum of the primary matter (QPM). Oscillations inside of the QPM are making thicker and thinner places (cells), like the waves in the sea. The density, dimension and the frequency of the cells create our space-time structure and so our known Universe. So, one may say that there does not exist nothing but the primary matter ,or "nomenon" as it is splendidly explained in "Ashtavakra Gita". The origin of the mass particles has to be in relation with the source of the oscillations in QPM, since mass in space flow theory is defined as a very dense space-time structure, that in the beginning of the universe evolution could be created only by a sharp change of the oscillations intensity. In the subsequent evolution the creation of the mass particles could be accelerated by collisions and gravitational fields. The condition for the existence of the stable mass particle of course, must lie in maintaining of the constant space flow, flowing from our space-time structure into another, paralel continuum, or another universe.

Lorentz transformation

In my work, I have not yet expressed my standpoint to the Special and the General Theory of Relativity. Especially since they ,as well as the quantum mechanics have a lot of my respect. They are, and for long time shall be the basis of scientific and technological development, but also of philosophical research. But there are also the subject of scientific discussion and disputes. Basic relationships Einstein's special relativity are derived from 4 Lorentz transformation equations between the reference frame S and reference frame S', moving at speed v with regard to the reference frame S (i.e. between two inertial systems):
  1. x' = k(x - vt)
    k... constant
    x ... length in the system S
    x'... length in the system S'
    t... time in the system S
  2. y' = y
  3. z' = z
  4. x = k (x' + vt')
    t'... time in the system S'
We can see that in equation no. 4 the speed v' is replaced by the speed v. This follows from the so-called 1st postulate of the special theory of relativity: "All laws of physics can be expressed by equations of the same form in all reference systems moving with constant velocity with each other." This postulate is incorrect. If it is not yet clear at this stage of the solution, after completion of the the general theory of relativity, it was quite clear: system S' as a result of its relative movement with regard to the system S is now located in amended space-time. Therefore, the speed of the system S with regard to system S' need not be v' = -v . It depends on what proportion will change the length and time units. For the same reason, in the equation no. 4 the constant k' should be used instead of k, as it is evident that the k' is not equal to k . If these changes are applied, the Lorentz transformation would look quite different. It should be noted, however, that in order to make such changes, it is necessary to go deeper into space-time. That I have tried in this work. This can not be solved by pure mathematics.

Speed of light

My work began with the presumption of the its own constant speed of light (measured in the location of the light beam). Later I came to the realization that postulate of the constant speed of light applies only to the speed of light, expressed in units of length of the respective space (ie in length's units appropriate with the space-time density of the given location) and in units of time of the common chosen reference frame (e.g. on Earth's surface), that is in the so called system Zct.

Michelson-Morley Experiment

This experiment was carried out on the basis of incorrect theoretical assumptions:
  1. Actually ether, or space-time structure, does not flow in the direction opposite the Earth's motion around the Sun on the Earth's surface, but in a direction perpendicular to the Earth's surface.
  2. The speed of light, measured in the system Zct, depends on the space density in a given place and practically does not depend on the movement of the reference system with regard to the space-time (ether).

Paradoxes discovered by Quantum Physics

There are several paradoxes discovered by Quantum Physics of whose common nature is instantaneous interaction between the remote mass particles (like there is so called the EPR "Einstein-Podolski-Rosen" paradox). The existence of the quantum of primary matter mentioned, offers the way how to explain these paradoxes, because the interior of the QPM behaves unlocally, hence enabling the instantaneous interaction

Physical fields

All physical fields could be explained by the flow of the space-time structure into a charge due to the flow's respective acceleration, or, by the flow of the space-time structure out of a charge, due to the flow's respective deceleration.


Our look on the origin, structure and space-time relationships of the universe will differ, from the point of view of the space flow theory, with respect to the contemporary respected theories. The redshift measured on radiation coming from galaxies might be explained by the progressive reduction of the space (space-time) density, and respective increase of the speed of light, i.e. decrease of its frequency. If it is like this, the space density reduction is going on with the evolution of the universe, from the beginning. In case the evolution would have been realized in accordance with the Big Bang theory, it would have to be modified to respect the fact that also the space-time structure is expanding, and hence that the evolution is taking place in a gradually slowing down of the time flow (the time density decreases with the space expansion at a slower rate than the space density).This phenomenon is in accordance with the theory of cosmic inflation, explaining the extremly rapid expansion of the early universe, and with Hubble Space Telescope (HST) observations of very distant supernovae, confirming accelerated expansion of the universe.

It is very likely that what we call primary matter inside the space-time cells, although in a very diluted form, behaves gravitationally. This would mean that the universe is full of such matter, and that the long time seeked dark matter is hidden inside space-time structure.
From the equations derived in the description of orbital motion can be concluded that each space-time cell contains energy, of which source can be movement of the prime matter inside it. So we can say that the universe (quantum QPM) is full of such energy, and that also the long time seeked dark energy is hidden inside space-time structure.

Cosmic objects

The mass distributiuon inside gravitational objects (like planets and stars), according to space flow theory, is determined by frame intrinsic mass density, of the object's material, by space density distribution and gravity (of course also by other physical parameters, like pressure, temperature and mechanical properties, that need not be taken into account for the simple consideration). Frame intrinsic mass density means the mass density measured by respective device located in the position where the material is located. The real mass density as seen from the chosen reference frame (like from the frame of Earth surface) however, is influenced by the space density distribution and vice versa. This is very important disclosure of the space flow theory, that greatly extends the alternatives how cosmic objects can be created. The real mass distribution ,following from the respective differential equation, can be very complicated, depending also on distribution of the frame intrinsic mass density (if the object consists of several materials). In simple cases, for the objects of a constant frame intrinsic mass density lower, equal, or higher than 5496,5 kg/m3, the mass under the respective radius is directly proportional to the power less than 3, =3, or more than 3 of the radius. Thus, at objects,
  1. approx. like stars, composed of a mass of low frame intrinsic density, the mass located near center of gravity becomes very dense, as seen from the chosen reference frame.
  2. like neutron stars, the most of the mass is located near the surface of the object, and its interior might be empty.
The gravitational acceleration inside the gravitational body is directly proportional to the ((2k/3)-1)power of the radius, where k= 5,4381*10-4θ (θ stays for the frame intrinsic mass density (kg/m3)). Thus we can derive, that: Inside the layer of the mass of the frame intrinsic mass density lower, equal, or higher than 2748,2 kg/m3, the gravitational acceleration is increasing, stays constant, or is decreasing with the decreasing radius. Inside the layer of the mass of the frame intrinsic mass density = 5496,5 kg/m3 the gravitational acceleration is directly proportional to the radius. The results presented leads to the consequence, that
  1. (in simple case mentioned) any object, defined by the total mass and the outer radius, can be created of the mass of any frame intrinsic mass density and,
  2. to enable the existence of the life, as we know it, the planets have to be composed of the mass of the average mass density approximately 5496 kg/m3 as seen from their surface and, of the frame intrinsic mass density of their outer layer approximately 2748 kg/m3. The average mass density 5496 kg/m3 generates the space density =1 on planet's surface and, the frame intrinsic mass density of the outer layer of 2748 kg/m3 ensures relatively stable conditions for life on planet's surface.
    Note 1: It seems that the health troubles of the cosmonauts might be caused not only due to low gravitational field or low intensity of the magnetic field, but due to the lower space density as well, because it can be assumed that the space density affects the human body.
  3. Note 2: On the planet Mars, if we apply the basic parameters:
      M = 6.4219 * 10 23 kg .... the mass of the planet
      R0 = 3.397 * 106 m .... radius of the planet's surface
      rx = 3.0327 * 106 m .... radius at which the density of space = 1, if there was a whole mass of the planet below it,
    we can calculate the space density = 0.892, ie 10.8% below the Earth's surface. This results in that the speed of light on the surface of Mars is of 5.88% higher than on the surface of the Earth. This circumstance can be very serious for stays of a human crew on Mars, especially during landing, since it may affect the operation of measuring devices, which determines the landing accuracy and the life of the crew.
    Note 3: In this work it is assumed that the measuring instrumentss "breathe" in space-time, e.g. that their parts, responsible for measurement of the distance and time are always adapting themselves to the density of the area in which they are located. This statement may not be true for all measurement methods. It should be counted with this factor (urgently as well if necessary) when planning research or other uses of space objects.


The space flow theory says that there is nothing but the prime matter. All the other, that exists, is arising from it due to its oscillations (creating the space-time structure), due to thickening and thinning of the space-time structure and due to accelerated flow of the space-time structure. Looking from our space-time world into the depth of the space, we might see the space-time cells of the different space density. Looking deeper, we might see the ocean of the prime matter oscillating into huge number of the dense and thin spots. Going deeper we would become the prime matter and we would not see any dense nor thin spots, only the calm ocean. All actions are stopped, we do nothing, we ARE only .
The philosophy of Nonduality says that there is nothing but one Spirit in the Universe, and that everything living or inanimate is inseparable and indivisible part of this Spirit. The Vedas (sacred scriptures of Hinduism) are the oldest source of this philosophy. Very aptly is this principle interpreted in a short treatise, named Ashtavakra Gita.
To tell the truth, I got acquainted with this philosophy before I started to write the space flow theory. However I grasped only before completing the work what really nonduality means and, that the idea of the space flow theory corresponds with "Advaita Vedanta".

Theological coherence

Time is defined in the space flow theory as a succession of the moments of thickening (or thinning) of the space-time cells. From our Universe, for example from our place (frame) on the surface of Earth, we can imagine the QPM, mentioned above, in accordance with the space flow theory, and due its huge size, oscillating at frequency approaching zero (This frequency might be measured by the device located in our space-time structure. In fact, however, QPM is in extremely high energetic state due to the movement of primary matter, and our definition of time here fails inside it, because the primary matter is not quantized). So, if God would have dwelled in a space-time structure, formed of many QPM's (of many worlds), he would be really almost everlasting, as it is written in 2Pe 3:8 : "...But, beloved, be not ignorant of this one thing, that one day is with the Lord as a thousand years and a thousand years as one day." Omnipresence or ubiquity is the property of being present everywhere. According to eastern theism, God is present everywhere. Divine omnipresence is thus one of the divine attributes, although in western theism omnipresence has attracted less philosophical attention than such attributes as omnipotence, omniscience, or being eternal. The conception of the space flow theory, based on presumption of the existence of the quantum of the primary matter (QPM), with its unlocal behaviour, offers the possibility to be everywhere, at the same time. To tell the truth, we can imagine such "unbelievable" phenomenon from exterior of the QPM, because we can imagine the mass object as dissolved inside QPM, but it is difficult to identify with the idea of such a glancing from inside QPM. But it is God's business. For thousand of years, philosophers and sages, and for last decades many scientists, have come to the realization that there is only one substance and we are therefore all part of it. This substance can be called Awareness, Consciousness, Spirit, Advaita, Brahman, Tao, Nirvana, God, or even prime matter. It is constant, ever present, unchangeable and is the essence of all existence. From the common, scientific and theistic point of view, this entity could be named the Observer (or christian God the Father). It is the only entity that could manifest itself by such atributes like omnipotence, omniscience, omnipresence and eternity, although from a philosophical point of view, it is manifesting itself by attribute only resulting from the name "I am who I am" (Exodus 3:14), because this attribute contains all.

Kosice, November 1st 2012
Kosice, December 9th 2016 (Notes 2 and 3)

My respectable readers, please, take into account that this work, broadly speaking,
shows that the spacetime continuum is neither homogeneous nor isotropic,
which is mainly related to the ratio of space-time densities of the two compared space-time continua.
This means that the laws of physics, physical objects or properties, known in our space-time continuum,
are modified in a different space-time continuum in accordance with its the space-time density and,
at zero density (inside the QPM quantum) are most probably transformed into unity
with vast potential to become anything , with any property.
Therefore, the primary substance of the universe (of the quantum QPM),
which is discussed here in the theological sense, may really contain all existence
including all its features (material and immaterial), and even may manifest itself as live, creative, inspiring, full of love
and of the ability to be itself in every moment (because it exists in the eternal moment).
In this sense, it might be assumed that the following quotations from the Vedas, Koran and the Bible are talking about the same thing,
called Awareness, Consciousness, Spirit, Advaita, Brahman, Tao, Nirvana, God, or even prime matter.

Meditate on yourself as motionless awareness,
free from any dualism,
giving up the mistaken idea that you are just a derivative consciousness
or anything external or internal.
(Ashtavakra Gita 1.13)

In the heart of all things, of whatever there is in the universe, dwells the Lord.
(Isha Upanishad)

OM. This eternal word is all : what was, what is and what shall be, and what beyond is in eternity.
All is OM.

Wheresoever you turn, there is the face of God.

In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.
He was with God in the beginning. Through him all things were made;
without him nothing was made that has been made.
(John 1)

As a five-year boy, I knew that the most amazing things I met in the world were the starry sky above me, and the consciousness in me. (I know that many knew it, for example also Kant). I believe that those who know it today, will go even further. In particular because the understanding that the starry sky finds itself in space and in the consciousness of each of us, at the same time, can significantly contribute to evolutionary step of humanity. However in case only only, if we prove to realize each himself as the universal consciousness. This cognizance is a direct guidance on how to properly answer two questions: "Who are you, man?" and, "What to do" :

To you, the source of all, thanks, you are filling me with Thy Light.

Frantisek Stefanko
Epilogue slovak version
Epilogue italian version